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Preposition কাকে বলে? কত প্রকার ও কি কি?

Preposition কাকে বলে? কত প্রকার ও কি কি?


যে সকল শব্দ সাধারণত noun বা pronoun এর সামনে বসে noun বা pronoun এর সাথে sentence এর অন্যানো শব্দের সম্পর্ক প্রকাশ করে তাদেরকে preposition বলা হয়।

On, in, under, after, beside, to, towards, with, etc. are prepositions.

The book is on the table.
We sat under the tree.
The car was coming towards

Classification/Types of Prepositions:
Preposition কে বিভিন্নভাবে বিভক্ত করা যায় । এগুলো নিচে বর্ণনা করা হলো ।

1-Simple Preposition
2-Compound Preposition
3-Phrase Preposition
4-Participle Preposition
5-Double Preposition
6-Preposition of time
7-Preposition of place
8-Preposition of direction
9-Preposition for an agent

Simple Preposition:

সাধারণত sentence এ ব্যবহৃত একক preposition গুলোকে simple preposition বলে ।

On, in, to, at, from, with, of, off, over, under, etc. are some examples of simple prepositions.

She is living in this room.
I am going to the varsity.
He was looking at me.

Compound Preposition:

যে preposition গুলো দুটো noun, pronoun অথবা phrase কে যুক্ত করতে ব্যবহৃত হয় তাদেরকে compound preposition বলে।

Between, before, around, about, along, above, etc. are some examples of compound prepositions.

I will complete the work before he comes.
She was asking about this matter.
The river is running across the town.

Phrase Preposition:

যে preposition গুলো দলবদ্ধ শব্দ এবং sentence এর বিভিন্ন অংশের মধ্যে সম্পর্ক বোঝায় তাদেরকে phrase preposition বলে ।

In spite of, in front of, in order to, due to, on account of, for the sake of, etc. are some examples of phrase prepositions.

She came here in order to meet me.
We were standing in front of the college.
She could not come here due to her illness.
I did not go to watch the movie assuming that it would be boring.

Double Preposition:

দুটো preposition যুক্ত হয়ে একটি নতুন preposition গঠণ করলে তাকে double preposition বলে ।

because of, from behind, within, out of, outside of, etc. are called Double preposition.

He could not come to the meeting because of his illness.
I have to do this work within today.
I have to answer three questions out of all.

Preposition of time:

যে preposition কোনো কাজের সময় বা একটি sentence এর noun গুলোর মধ্যে সময়ের সম্পর্ক নির্দেশ করে তাকে preposition of time বলে ।

The preposition indicating time in a speech is called preposition of time.

I will try to come at 6:30 pm.
This program will be held in January.
Try to come on Monday.

Preposition of place:

যে preposition গুলো কোনোকিছুর অবস্থান নির্দেশ করে তাকে preposition of place বলে।

behind, under, on, in, at, between, over, etc.

The boy was standing behind the tree.
She lives in Dhanmondi in Dhaka.

Preposition of direction:

যে preposition কোনোকিছুর বা কারো দিকে নির্দেশ করে তাকে preposition of direction বলে।

in, on, under, over, left, right, etc.

The school is situated on the right side of the town.
The jeep is now going over the bridge.
The bird is sitting on the roof.

Preposition for an agent:

যে preposition কোনো কাজ ও কাজ সম্পাদনকারীর মধ্যে সম্পর্ক নির্দেশ করে তাকে preposition for agent বলে ।

I like( to) go there with you.
She likes( to) read the books written by Tagore.

এই preposition গুলো বিভিন্ন noun কে ( যন্ত্র, বাদ্যযন্ত্র , মেশিন প্রভৃতি ) sentence এর অন্যান্য শব্দের সাথে যুক্ত করে ।

I opened the bottle with the help of an opener.
He likes to go long drives by his car.
She came here on foot

Mostafizar Moshtak


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